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Virtual Mobility Glossary



ACADEMIC RECOGNITION refers to the recognition of courses, qualifications or diplomas from one higher education institution by another.

ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION refers to the right of qualified candidates to apply and be considered for admission to higher education.

ACCESSIBILITY a characteristic of technology that enables people with disabilities to use it. Also benefits people with older or slower software or hardware.

ACCREDITATION is the process by which one higher education institution gains authority to award, and7or gains recognition of, its qualifications from another senior competent authority. This might be the State, a government agency or another domestic or foreign higher education institution. 

ADMISSION the act pf, or system, for, allowing qualified applicants to pursue studies in higher education al a given institution and/or a given programme.

ASSESSMENT of institutions or programmes: the process for establishing the educational quality of a higher education institution or programme; of individual qualifications: the written appraisal or evaluation of an individual’s foreign qualifications by a competent authority; of individual students: the actual testing of a student’s ability and skills within a programme.

AWARD this us used synonymously with qualification

BLENDED LEARNING learning events that combine aspects of online and face to face instruction.

COMPETENT RECOGNITION AUTHORITY a body officially charged with making binding decisions on the recognition of foreign qualifications.

CONTENT information captured digitally and imparted to learners. Formats foe e-learning content include text, audio, video, animations, simulation and more.

CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT regular evaluation of coursework done during the course, where the marks achieved count towards the final result which may or may not include an examination. Also formative assessment.

COURSE a part of a programme of studies that is normally self-contained and assessed separately. Complete study programmes are normally composed of several courses.

COURSE DESIGN setting learning objectives, choosing media applications, planning evaluation and preparing instructional strategies in advance of students recruitment and development of course materials.

CREDENTIAL a term sometimes used to refer to a qualifications

CREDIT the currency providing a measure of learning outcomes achieved in a notional time at a given level.

DIPLOMA any qualification or credential.

DIPLOMA SUPPLEMENT a document attached to a higher education degree or diploma that provides a detailed description of the studies undertaken and successfully completed by the individual named on the original qualification.

DISTANCE EDUCATION educational situation in which the instructor and students are separated by time, location, or both.

DISTANCE EDUCATION SYSTEM all the component processes that result in distance educations, including learning, teaching, communication, design and management.

E-BOLOGNA the development of an European Learning Space by supporting the enhancement of learning though the use of technology (e.g. e-learning) and by promoting state-of-art educational networks in the field of lifelong and flexible learning, virtual mobility and quality assurance and accreditation.

E-LEARNING term covering a wide set of applications and pedagogical processes supporting on ICT learning, such as web-based learning, computer-based learning, virtual classrooms, and digital collaboration.

ECTS the European Credit Transfer System. This is a system based on ECTS credits (workload), designed to facilitate mobility, credit transfer and the international recognition of periods of study completed abroad.

FIELD OF STUDY the main disciplines or subject areas of a qualification.

GRADES marks given for coursework or examination.

HIGHER EDUCATION all types of courses of study, or sets of courses (programmes), training, or training for research at the post secondary level which are recognised by the relevant authorities as belonging to its higher education system.

HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION an establishment providing higher education and recognised  by the competent authorities as belonging to its system of higher education.

LEARNING OUTCOMES the specific intellectual and practical skills gained and tested by the successful completion of a unit, course or whole programme of study.

LEARNING PLATFORMS internal or external sites often organized around tightly focused topics, which contain technologies that enable users to submit and retrieve information

LEVEL the place of a qualifications in the higher educations system. Normally, a national hierarchy of qualifications exist.

LEVEL INDICATORS these can range from any general information on the role of the qualification to highly detailed specific statements about the nature, skills and competencies associated with the successful completion of parts or all of a qualification.

LIFELONG LEARNING all learning activity undertaken through out life, with the aim of improving knowledge, skills and competence, within a personal, civic, social and/or employment related perspective.

LIFELONG OPEN FLEXIBLE LEARNING all learning activity undertaken through out life, with the aim of improving knowledge, skills and competence, within a personal, civic, social and/or employment related perspective that embraces the characteristics of open learning, distance learning, e-learning, online learning, open accessibility, multimedia support, virtual mobility, learning communities, dual mode (earn &learn) approaches, and the like.

MASTER LEVEL  first part of postgraduates studies. The length of study programs leading the master’s degree in Europe still varies considerably from country to country.  However, there seems to be a trend towards a one to two year master’s degree requiring between 90 and 120 ECTS credits with a minimum requirement of 60 ECTS credit.

MODULE a separate and coherent block of learning. Part of a modular programme of studies where the curriculum is divided into a range of similar sized segments.

ONLINE LEARNING learning delivered by web-based or internet-based technologies.

POSTGRADUATE STUDIES beyond first degree level. It include Master and Doctorate studies.

PROGRAMME OF STUDY a set of courses, the various components of which complement and build on each other in order to provide the student with a higher educations qualification.

QUALIFICATION higher education qualification: any degree, diploma or other certificate issued by a competent authority attesting the successful completions of a higher education programme; qualification given access to postgraduate studies: any diploma or other certificate issued by a competent authority attesting the successful completion of an education programme and given the holder of the qualification the right to be considered for admission to postgraduate courses. 

RECOGNITION a formal acknowledgement by a competent authority of the value of a foreign educational qualification with a view to access to educational and/or employment activities.

SEMESTER a block of teaching time of around 14 – 15 week.

STRUCTURE the organized framework of the distance learning course consisting of information and teaching strategies, including support of course or program.

STUDY GUIDE framework to support a course

SUMMATIVE EVALUATION a concluding evaluation determining the success of the project

TRANSCRIPT an official record of a student’s progress and achievements.

VALIDATION the process by which a recognised awarding institution judges that a programme of study leading to a qualifications is of appropriate quality and standard.


Possibility to study at a local, national o international Master program, through distance and e-learning methodologies, a shorthand term or course elements (e.g. modules) in an other postgraduates studies related with the study area from the student. The recognition of these ECTS will be assume by home university.


All the terms has been drawn from:
The Diploma Supplement. Guidance documents to those producing diploma supplements. III Glossary http//
Pennstate World Campus. Glossary of Distance Education Terms.
World Education News &Reviews Bologna Terms and Definitions
Kaplan – Leiserson, E. (comp) Learning Circuits Glossary.
Bang, J. eBologna – creating a European Learning Space. A step toward the Knowledge Society.
EADTU Mission statement and strategic objectives.
European Commission Education and Training



Last Updated ( Friday, 28 May 2010 18:11 )